Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers
1525. Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers are obligatory during the
time of Imam (A.S.), and it is necessary to offer them in congregation. However
during the present times when the Holy Imam is in Occultation, these prayers are
Mustahab, and may be offered individually as well as in congregation
1526. The time for Eid prayers is from sunrise till Zuhr.
1527. It is Mustahab that Eid ul Azha prayers is offered after
sunrise. As for Eid ul Fitr, it is Mustahab that one should have a breakfast
after sunrise, pay Zakatul Fitr and then offer Eid prayers.
1528. Eid prayers has two Rak'ats. In the first Rak'at, a person
should recite Surah al Hamd and a Surah and then they say five takbirs, and
after every takbir he should recite qunut. After the fifth qunut, he should say
another takbir and then perform Ruku and two Sajdah. He should then stand up and
say four takbirs in the second Rak'at, and recite qunut after everyone of these
takbirs. Thereafter, he should say the fifth takbir and then perform Ruku and
two Sajdah. After the second Sajdah he should recite tashahhud, and then
complete the prayers with Salam.
1529. Any recital or Dua will suffice in qunut of the Eid Prayers.
However, it is better that the following Dua is recited: Allahumma ahlal
kibriya'i wal 'azamah, wa ahlal judi wal jaburat, wa ahlal 'afwi war rahmah, wa
ahlat taqwa wal maghfirah.
As aluka bihaqqi hazal yawmil lazi ja'altahu lil muslimina 'ida , wali Muhammadin sal lal lahu 'Alaihi wa Alihi, zukhran wa sharafan wa karamatan wa mazida an tusalliya 'ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad wa an tudkhilani fi kulli khayrin adkhalta fihi Muhammadan wa Ala Muhammad wa an tukhrijani min kulli su'in akhrajta minhu Muhammadan wa Ala Muhammad salawatuka 'alahi wa 'alahim. Alla humma inni as aluka khayra ma sa alaka bihi ibadukas salihun, wa auzubika mim masta aza minhu ibadukal mukhlasun.
1530. During the period of 0ccultation of Imam (A.S.), it is an
obligatory precaution that two sermons (khutbas) be delivered after Eid prayers,
and it is better that on Eid ul-fitr, the sermons should explain rules regarding
Zakatul Fitr, and on Eid ul-Azha, rules regarding sacrificing the animals be
1531. No particular Surah has been specified for Eid prayers. But, it
is better that after reciting Surah al Hamd in the first Rak'at, Surah Wash
Shams be recited and in the second Rak'at Surah al Ghashiya. Or in the first
Rak'at, to recite Surah of Sabbi Hism, and in the second Rak'at Surah Wash
1532. It is recommended that Eid prayers be performed in the open
fields. However, in Makkah, it is Mustahab that it should be offered in Masjidul
1533. It is Mustahab to walk barefooted to attend Eid prayers, with
all the dignity, and to do Ghusl before namaz, and to place a white turban on
1534. It is Mustahab that in Eid prayers Sajdah be performed on earth,
and hands be raised while saying takbirs. It is also Mustahab that a person who
is offering Eid prayers alone, or as an Imam of the congregation, recites
1535. It is Mustahab that the following takbirs be said on Eid ul Fitr
night (ie night preceding the Eid day), after Maghrib and Isha prayers, and on
Eid day after Fajr prayers, as well as after Eid ul fitr prayers: "Allahu Akbar,
Alllahu Akbar, la ilaha illal lah wallahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lilla hil
hamd, Allahu akbar ala ma hadana""
1536. In Eid ul Azha, it is Mustahab that the above mentioned takbirs
be said after ten prayers, of which the first is the Zuhr prayers of Eid day and
the last is the Fajr of 12th Zillhajj. It is also Mustahab that after the above
mentioned takbirs, the following be recited: "Allahu Akbar 'ala ma razaqana min
bahimatil an 'am, wal hamdu lil lahi ala ma ablana".
If, a person happens to be in Mina on the day of Eid ul Azha, it is Mustahab that he should say these takbirs after fifteen prayers, of which the first is Zuhr prayers of Eid day, and the last is the Fajr prayers of the 13th of Zillhajj.
1537. The recommended precaution is that women should avoid going to
offer Eid prayers. This precaution does not apply to elderly women.
1538. Like in all other prayers, the follower should recite everything
in the Eid prayers, except Surah al-Hamd and the other Surah.
1539. If a follower joins the prayers at a time when the Imam has
already said some takbirs, he should, while the Imam performs Ruku, say all the
takbirs and qunut which he has missed, and it will be sufficient if in each
qunut he says: Subhanallah or Alhamdu lillah only.
1540. If a person joins the Eid prayers when the Imam is in Ruku, he
can make niyyat, say the first takbir of the prayers, and then go into Ruku.
1541. If a person forgets one Sajdah in Eid prayers, he should perform
it after the prayers. Similarly, if something takes place for which a Sajadatus
Sahv would be necessary after daily prayers, it will also be necessary after the