Hajj Ritual

Hağğu-l-Ifrād

The Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ consists of two parts: the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ and the Hajj.

The first part is connected with the second one, and it takes place before the Hajj.

The Hağğu-l-Ifrād is different. It is independent of the ´Umratu-l-Mufradah. It is the obligation of those who live in Mecca or within a radius of 88 km (55 miles) of Mecca to perform either Hağğu-l-Ifrād or Hağğu-l-Qirān. It is an obligation to perform the ´Umratu-l-Mufradah if it is possible. If a pilgrim is in a position to perform only one of the two rites, that is either Hajj or ´Umrah, it is their obligation to do so. If the pilgrim is able to perform one of the rites at a certain time and the other one at another time, they have to perform each one at the possible time. If the pilgrim can manage to perform both, the predominant view among the scholars (ahwaṯ wuğūban) is that they should perform the Hajj first and then the ´Umrah.

#158: The Hağğu-l-Ifrād and the Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ only differ in the following points:

1. For Hağğu-t-Tamattu´, one must perform the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ and the Hajj in the months of the Hajj season and in the same year, which is not necessary in case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād.

2. For Hağğu-t-Tamattu´, a sacrificial animal must be slaughtered, which is not necessary in case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād.

3. For Hağğu-t-Tamattu´, one may not (´ala-l-ahwaṯ) perform ṯawāf and sa´ī before having stayed at both ´Arafāt und Muzdalifah, but that would be permissible in the case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād.

4. For Hağğu-t-Tamattu´, the state of consecration is entered in Mecca. In case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād, it depends on whether the pilgrim lives in Mecca or not. Please see below.

5. The ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ must precede the Hajj, but in case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād this is not necessary.

6. As an obligatory measure of precaution (ahwaṯ wuğūban), it is not permitted that one perform an optional ṯawāf during Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ after having entered the state of ihrām, which would be permitted in case of Hağğu-l-Ifrād.

#159: If a person assumes the state of consecration for an optional Hağğu-l-Ifrād, they are permitted to convert their intention into ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ with subsequent Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ by removing some hair and leaving the state of ihrām, unless they have already recited the talbiyyah after the sa´ī; then the change is not permitted.

#160: If a person assumes the state of consecration for Hağğu-l-Ifrād and enters Mecca, they are permitted to perform an optional ṯawāf. However, as a precautionary measure (ahwaṯu-l-awlā), they are obliged to perform the talbiyyah again after the ṯawāf-prayer, unless they have converted their intention into one for Hağğu-t-Tamattu´. This precautionary measure also applies to the obligatory ṯawāf.