Third: Wearing the Iḥrām Clothing
After removing everything, which is not permitted to be used while in the state of ihrām, it is an obligation to begin wearing the ihrām clothing – for men it consists of two sheets, izār and ridā. There is an exception only for children, who can postpone wearing the ihrām clothing until their arrival in Fach (name of a place) if they take that route.
Evidently there is no special way to wear the ihrām clothing. One sheet may be put around the waist, as desired, and the other one may be placed over the shoulders or worn as a cape. As a precautionary measure (al-ahwaṯ), they should be worn in the traditional way (see #189).
#188: Wearing the two-piece ihrām clothing is an obligation but not a precondition for the validity of the ihrām.
#189: If someone wants to follow the precautionary measures (al-ahwaṯ) in terms of how to wear the ihrām clothing, it is necessary to cover the area between the navel and the knees with the sheet which is worn around the waist, and the other sheet should cover the shoulders and the upper arms on both sides and a considerable part of the back. As a measure of obligatory precaution (ahwaṯ wuğūban), both sheets should be put on before setting the intention and reciting the talbiyyah. If the intention was made and the talbiyyah was recited before the ihrām clothing was put on, both must be repeated after putting on the clothes.
#190: If a person, whilst being in the state of ihrām, is wearing a shirt (this applies also for any other ordinary clothes that are worn, e.g. trousers or socks, Translator's Note) by an oversight (due to either ignorance or forgetfulness), they have to take it off immediately, and their ihrām is valid. Indeed, it is evident that the ihrām is valid even though it was worn on purpose. If it was put on after having entered the state of consecration, there is no doubt that the ihrām is valid, too. However, then it has to be taken off.
#191: There is no objection to wearing more than two sheets at the beginning or during the state of ihrām for protection from the heat or the cold or for other reasons.
#192: The rules for clothes worn during prayer also apply to the ihrām clothing. It should not be made of pure silk, gold or parts of wild animals, and – as a precaution – it should also not be made of parts of any animal whose meat is forbidden. The clothing has to be free from impurities (nağāsah) except for those that would also be tolerated during prayer.
#193: As a precautionary measure (al-ahwaṯ), the clothing worn around the waist ought to cover the body without revealing its contour and skin color. These regulations do not apply to the sheet worn on the upper body.
#194: As a precautionary measure (ahwaṯ-ul-awlā), both sheets should be made of fabric and not of leather or fur.
#195: The obligation to wear two sheets, one around the waist and one around the shoulders, applies only to men and not to women, who are allowed to dress in their regular clothes as long as the above-mentioned preconditions are fulfilled.
#196: Although the prohibition against wearing pure silk only applies to men, women are also advised to refrain from wearing it while in the state of ihrām unless they have to protect themselves from the heat or the cold.
#197: If either or both of the sheets become impure (nağis), as a precaution (al-ahwaṯ), they have to be cleaned or changed as soon as possible.
#198: It is not an obligation to wear the same ihrām clothing the entire time. There is no objection to taking it off, whether necessary or not. There is also no objection to changing it providing that the new pair of sheets meets the above-mentioned conditions.