Hajj Ritual

1. Hunting:

#199: While in the state of consecration, it is forbidden to hunt, to kill or to injure a wild animal, that is, an animal that is wild by nature and not domesticated, or to harm it in any other way, regardless of whether this happens inside the Haram Area or outside it and whether or not the animal is halal to be eaten. It is absolutely forbidden to hunt within the Haram Area, even if the hunter is not in the state of ihrām.

#200: Just as a pilgrim is prohibited from hunting while in the state of ihrām, it is also forbidden for them to help another hunter in any way, even by pointing out the animal. In this regard, it does not matter whether the hunter is in the state of ihrām or not.

#201: A pilgrim who is in the state of ihrām is not allowed to carry with them any prey, even if it was hunted down before the pilgrim entered the state of consecration or if it was killed by another person, regardless of whether this was done inside or outside the Haram Area.

#202: While in the state of consecration, it is not permitted to eat the meat of an animal that was hunted, even if the hunter killed it before entering the state of ihrām. Furthermore, a person who is not in the state of consecration is not allowed to eat the meat of an animal, which was hunted or was slaughtered after being hunted by a pilgrim who was in the state of ihrām. Similarly, someone who is not in the state of ihrām is prohibited from eating meat of a pilgrim's prey, which was hunted inside the Haram Area, whether or not the hunter was in the state of consecration.

#203: The rules regarding game animals also apply to their young ones.

As a precautionary measure, it is forbidden for a pilgrim who is in the state of consecration to collect, to break or to eat the eggs of those animals. As an additional precaution, one should refrain from helping other people to do so.

#204: The above-mentioned rules apply to all wildlife, including grasshoppers. As to marine animals, there is no objection to e.g. catching fish. Amphibians are also considered to be wildlife . But there is no objection to capturing animals of which one is unsure whether or not they are wild.

#205: Just as it is unlawful for a person who is in the state of ihrām to hunt wild animals, it is also forbidden to kill the animals in any other way, even though it would not be called hunting. There are some exceptions:

1. It is permitted to slaughter domestic animals like sheep, cattle, camels and poultry including turkeys. It is also permitted if there is doubt whether the animal is a domestic one.

2. If a person who is in the state of ihrām fears for their safety, e.g. because they worry that they could be attacked by predators or snakes, they are permitted to kill these animals.

3. It is permissible to kill birds of prey if they are hunting pigeons in the Haram Area.

4. It is permitted to kill vipers or other dangerous snakes and also scorpions and rats. No kaffārah needs to be paid for killing them. Similarly, paying kaffārah is unnecessary for killing predators, except for lions. Furthermore, some scholars are of the opinion that a kaffārah payment becomes due if someone kills an animal that was no threat to them.

#206: There is no objection to shooting an arrow at a kite (bird) or at a crow. No kaffārah has to be paid if the animal is hit and dies in the process.