Hajj Ritual

8. The Use of Perfume

#237: A pilgrim who is in the state of consecration is prohibited from using perfume, i.e. smelling, ingesting or applying it on their body or on their clothes, this includes use of incense. They are also not allowed to wear clothes, which have been in contact with perfumes. Perfume is defined as every fragrant substance, which may be used on the body, clothing and food, e.g. musk, amber, saffron and the like. Hence (´ala-l-adhhār) one should also refrain from every other kind of scent and fragrance, e.g. roses. There is one exception, which is "Khalūqu-l-Ka´aba", a perfume composed of saffron and other substances used on the Holy Ka´aba. The muhrim is not obliged to avoid smelling this scent or to be careful that it not get on them or on their clothes when they touch the Ka´aba.

#238: A pilgrim who is in the state of consecration is prohibited from smelling the scent of those plants which release fragrances and which are used because of their scent, regardless of whether they are employed for making perfume or not, e.g. jasmine, roses etc. There is an exception for some wild cultivars such as artemisia (which includes mugwort, wormwood, southernwood or white genepi), cotton lavender, true lavender, geranium grass (cymbopogon schoenanthus) and similar plants. There is no objection to these plants (´ala-l-adhhār). As for flavorful-scented fruits like apples and quinces, one should take care to avoid smelling their fragrance whilst eating them. This applies also e.g. for peppermint. Likewise, as a precautionary measure, one should refrain from inhaling the flavor of aromatic oils that are approved for use in food.

#239: A pilgrim who is in a state of consecration is not obligated to hold their nose during the sa´ī in order to avoid inhaling the scent deriving from a perfum salesman. However, in other situations they must do so. Smelling the fragrance of the Ka´aba (Khalūqu-l-Ka´aba) is an exception and therefore permitted.

#240: If a person who is in the state of ihrām deliberately consumes perfumed food or wears clothes with traces of perfume, they have to pay a penalty of one sheep (ahwaṯ luzūman).

In situations other than those noted above, no kaffārah is required for using perfume, but as a precautionary measure, it is preferable to pay the above-mentioned kaffārah nonetheless.

#241: A pilgrim who is in the state of ihrām is prohibited from holding their nose because of a bad smell although there is no objection to them quickly withdrawing from that place.