Hajj Ritual

14. Quarrelling

#250: A pilgrim who is in the state of ihrām is not permitted to argue with other people and to swear by Allah in the process in order to confirm or to negate something. (This does not include those oaths which refer to the future or which emphasize a request. Translator's Note) This prohibition encompasses the phrases "lā wallāh" (no, by Allah) and "balā wallāh" (yes, by Allah) as well as all kinds of oaths in the name of Allah regardless of what language is used. Swearing by anything other than Allah is not relevant here (see #251).

#251: Any situation in which one cannot assert one's right or avert an injury without engaging in an argument is exempted from this rule.

#252: Not until someone has truthfully sworn three times do they have to sacrifice a sheep in expiation. If, however, someone swears a false oath, they have to slaughter a sheep, even if it happens only once, and have to do so again for every additional oath that is false. However, if the kaffārah has not yet been paid but the pilgrim has already sworn falsely three times, they are liable to the penalty of a cow. After that, the calculation of the expiation starts over as described above. That is, one sheep has to be paid in expiation of every false oath. If the penalty of one sheep was paid after swearing falsely in one instance, and then the expiation of another sheep was paid for a second occurrence, then the penalty after the third false oath is not a cow but another sheep.