Hajj Ritual

Interruption and Incompleteness of the Ṯawāf

#307: It is permissible to discontinue an optional ṯawāf. Similarly, it is permissible to discontinue an obligatory ṯawāf because of important matters or out of necessity, evidently even without any reason.

#308: If the pilgrim quits the ṯawāf without an acceptable reason before completing the fourth round, their ṯawāf is void and they have to repeat it. If it happens after the fourth round, the ṯawāf has to be completed and – as a precaution – has to be repeated. If it was an optional ṯawāf, the pilgrim may just complete the remaining rounds as long as the delay was not extensive.

#309: If a woman gets her period whilst performing the ṯawāf, she is obligated to drop out and to leave the Holy Mosque at once. The ruling for such cases has already been presented in #291. The rules for interrupting the ṯawāf in case of loss of ritual purity or because of impurity of the body or the clothes were given in #285 and #300.

#310: If a pilgrim discontinues the ṯawāf before completing the fourth round because of illness or in order to fulfill a need of their own or of another person, their ṯawāf is apparently invalid and they have to repeat it. If it happens after the fourth round, the ṯawāf is valid and after the interruption they can continue and complete it, starting from the point where they left off. Upon completion, it is ahwaṯ-ul-awlā to repeat it if it was an obligatory ṯawāf. If it was an optional ṯawāf, it may be continued from where it was interrupted, even if the pilgrim had not yet completed four rounds.

#311: The pilgrim is permitted to sit down and rest during the ṯawāf. However, the break must not last so long as to compromise the course. If that happens, the ṯawāf becomes invalid and has to be repeated.

#312: If a pilgrim interrupts the ṯawāf in order to attain the advantage of the prayer in its early time or to perform the congregational prayer or an optional prayer, the have to continue the ṯawāf from where they interrupted it after finishing their prayer. Then – as a precautionary measure – they should repeat the ṯawāf if the intermission took place during an obligatory ṯawāf and before completing the fourth round.

#313: If the pilgrim inadvertently stops the ṯawāf too soon or while it is still incomplete and they notice their mistake before the process has been compromised, they just complete their ṯawāf, which is then valid. If they become aware of their mistake after the process has been compromised and they have forgotten to perform one, two or three rounds, the pilgrim should complete these, and their ṯawāf is thus valid. If they cannot perform the rounds personally because they did not realize their mistake until after they had returned home, they may assign a representative to complete the rounds on their behalf. If they missed more than three rounds, they should return and perform the forgotten rounds. Then – as a precautionary measure – it is better for them to repeat the ṯawāf in its entirety.

(#314-325 have not been translated.)