Hajj Ritual

The Prayer of Ṯawāf

The third obligation of the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ consists in praying two raka´as (rak´atain) after the ṯawāf. Their structure is similar to the morning prayer except that one may choose to say them aloud or in a low voice. It is a obligation to perform this prayer near the Maqam Ibrahim (as), more specifically, behind it. If it is not possible to pray behind the Maqam, it is al-ahwaṯ to perform the prayer twice, once at either of the sides and once farther behind the Maqam Ibrahim. If doing both is difficult, performing one of the two will suffice. If both options are too hard for the pilgrim, they can pray at any place within the mosque whilst trying to be as close to the Maqam Ibrahim as possible. This applies to an obligatory ṯawāf. If it is an optional one, the pilgrim may pray wherever they choose within the mosque.

#326: If a pilgrim is not able to personally perform the ṯawāf in time, not even with the help of others, because they are e.g. ill or injured, they have to allow themselves to either be carried on someone's back or with the aid of a carrying device or to be pushed in a wheelchair.

As a precaution, in doing so, their feet should touch the ground as far as this is practicable. If a personal performance of the ṯawāf is not possible, not even with the above-mentioned support, a representative has to carry out the ṯawāf on the pilgrim's behalf. If the pilgrim is not able to assign a representative on their own (e.g. because they are faint), their wali should perform the ṯawāf for them or appoint someone to do so. The same applies for the prayer of ṯawāf.

#327: If a pilgrim deliberately neglects the prayer of ṯawāf, as a precaution, their Hajj is deemed invalid.

#328: As a precaution (al-ahwaṯ), the prayer should be performed right after the ṯawāf, i.e. there must not be a significant break between the ṯawāf and the prayer.

#329: If a pilgrim forgets to perform the prayer of ṯawāf and notices their mistake after the sa´ī, they should perform it immediately. There is no need to repeat the sa´ī thereafter, although it may be done as a precaution. If the pilgrim remembers the forgotten prayer while performing the sa´ī, they should discontinue it, make the prayer at the Maqam Ibrahim and return to continue the sa´ī starting from the point where it was interrupted. If the pilgrim does not recollect it till they have left Mecca, as a precaution, they should return and perform it at the Maqam Ibrahim if this can be done without unreasonable effort. If they are not able to return, they should perform it wherever they are at the moment. Even if they could possibly return to the area of the Haram, this is not an obligation. If a pilgrim neglects the prayer of ṯawāf out of ignorance, the same rules apply as for someone who forgot to perform the ṯawāf prayer.

#330: If a person were to die without having fulfilled their the obligation to perform the ṯawāf prayer, it is ahwaṯ wuğūban for their eldest son to perform it on their behalf, just as he would do for other obligatory prayers if the conditions for that were given.

#331: If a pilgrim's articulation is deficient and cannot be improved, reciting the Al-Fātiha is sufficient. They may also recite any āyāt, which they are able to recite correctly; if that is not possible, they should make tasbīh. If all options for a proper recitation are exhausted, it is ahwaṯ-ul-awlā to perform the prayer as well as possible, to participate in an additional congregational prayer and then to also assign a representative to do it on their behalf.

#332: If a pilgrim is not aware of their incorrect recitation and their ignorance is excusable, their prayer is valid and they do not have to repeat it, even if they become aware of their mistakes after the prayer.

If their ignorance is not excusable, they have to repeat the prayer, correcting their faulty recitation. The same rules apply to them as for someone who forgot to pray.