Hajj Ritual

Ṯawāf (Circumambulation of the Ka´aba) During Hajj, the Prayers and Sa´ī (Walking Between the Hills of Safa and Marwa)

The seventh, eighth and ninth obligations:

#410: The rules, the procedures and the conditions for the ṯawāf, the prayers and the sa´ī are the same as have been described above for the ´Umrah.

#411: It is recommended that one return to Mecca on the day of the festival in order to perform the ṯawāf and – as a precaution – this should not be delayed till after the eleventh of the month, although it is obviously allowed. Apparently, it is even permitted to postpone the ṯawāf till after the Ayyāmu-t-Tashrīq or till the end of the month of Dhu-l-Hiğğah.

#412: As a precautionary measure, performing the ṯawāf of the Hajj and the ṯawāf prayer or the sa´ī before staying in Arafat and Muzdalifah during the Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ is not permitted. If a pilgrim does so due to ignorance, the validity is not guaranteed.

There are exceptions to this rule in the following cases:

  • Women who anticipate getting their period or bleeding after childbirth.
  • Old or sick people for whom it is difficult to return to Mecca or who fear crowding during the time when they would be arriving from Mina.
  • People who are afraid for other reasons which prevent them from returning to Mecca.

These people are permitted to perform the ṯawāf, the prayers and the sa´ī prior to the two stays in Arafat and Muzdalifah. As a precaution, they should repeat these acts later on before the month of Dhu-l-Hiğğah is over if they are able to do so.

#413: Someone who performs the ṯawāfu-l-hağğ after having stayed in Arafat and in Muzdalifah has to do it after shaving or cutting their hair. If they deliberately and knowingly perform it before that, they have to repeat it and to slaughter a sheep as an expiation.

#414: The rules for a pilgrim who is not able to perform the ṯawāf, the prayers and the sa´ī during the Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ are the same as have been described above for the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ in #326 and #342.

If a woman gets her period and cannot stay in Mecca until she is again able to perform the ṯawāf, someone has to be appointed to fulfill the ṯawāf and the corresponding prayer on her behalf. Upon completion of these acts by the representative, she herself performs the sa´ī.

#415: Upon completion of the ṯawāf, the ṯawāf prayer and the sa´ī, the application of perfume is once again permitted. Intimate contact with the marital partner remains prohibited (as mentioned above) and – as a precaution – hunting does too.

#416: Those people who are allowed to perform the ṯawāf and the sa´ī before the two stays are not permitted to use perfume until they have completed the ceremonies in Mina: throwing the stones, performing the sacrifice and shaving or cutting their hair.