Hajj Ritual

Recommended acts for the state of consecration

There are a few acts that are recommended (mustahab) with regard to the state of ihrām:

1. Before entering the state of consecration, the pilgrim should clean their body, cut their nails, trim their mustache and remove the hair under their armpits and below the navel.

2. Those who intend to perform Hajj should keep the hair of their head and beard loose from the first of Dhu-l-Qā´idah, and those intending to perform an ´Umrat-ul-Mufradah should do so for one month before the journey.

3. The pilgrim ought to perform the full ablution (ghusl) at the mīqāt, but, if they fear that there will be no water available, it may be performed before leaving for the mīqāt. However, if water is found there, then the full ablution should be repeated.

If after performing the full ablution the pilgrim urinates, eats or wears clothes that are forbidden in the state of ihrām, it is recommended that the full ablution be repeated. If the full ablution was performed during the day, it lasts till the end of the following night; if the full ablution is made at night, it lasts till the end of the following day.

4. While performing the full ablution, the pilgrim may recite the following supplication as stated by Sadooq:

بسم الله وبالله اللهم اجعله لي نورا وطهورا وحرزا وامنا من كل خوف و شقاء من كل داء وسقم. اللهم طهرني وطهر قلبي واشرح لي صدري واجر على لساني محبتك ومدحتك والثناء عليك فانه لاقوة لي الا بك وقد علمت

ان قوام ديني التسليم لك والاتباع لسنة نبيك صلواتك عليه واله

(In the name of Allah and by Allah. O Allah! Render this (Translator's Note: the full ablution) an illumination and a purification and a safeguard and security for me from any fear and misery, from any ailment and illness. O Allah! Purify me and purify my heart, broaden my chest and let my tongue utter words of love, adoration and praise for You, for there is no strength for me but from You, and I know that the foundation of my religion is submission to You and following the practices of Your Prophet, may Your blessings be upon him and his family.)

5. While assuming the ihrām, the pilgrim may say the following supplication:

الحمد لله الذي رزقني ما اواري به عورتي واؤدي فيه فرضي واعبد فيه ربي وانتهي فيه الى ما امرني الحمد لله الذي قصدته فبلغني واردته فاعانني وقبلني ولم يقطع بي ووجهه اردت فسلمني فهو حصني وكهفي وحرزي و ظهري وملاذي ورجائيز و منجاي وذخري وعدتي في شدتي ورخائي

(All praise is due to Allah who has graced me with clothes with which I cover my intimate parts, in which I perform my duties, in which I worship my Lord and in which I get to where He has commanded me. All praise is due to Allah who, when I directed my efforts towards Him, reached for me, when I sought for Him, assisted me and drew me closer; never did He break the connection between me and Himself. When I was in want of something, He granted it to me. He is my safeguard and my cave and my guard and my support and my haven and my hope and my rescuer and my sustainer and my provider in times of hardship and comfort).

6. The clothes that are worn during the ihrām should be made of cotton.

7. The state of ihrām should be entered after the Adh-Dhuhr prayer. If this is not possible, it may be assumed after any daily prayer or after performing two raka´āt. In the first raka´ah, after recitation of Sūrah Al-Fātiha, it is preferable to recite Sūrah Al-Ikhlās, and in the second raka´ah, after Sūrah Al-Fātiha, to recite Sūrah Al-Kafirūn. After completing the prayer, one says “Allah be praised” and asks that blessings be sent upon the Holy Prophet and his pure progeny.

Then it is recommended that one say the following:

اللهم اني أسالك ان تجعلني ممن استجاب لك وامن بوعدك واتبع امرك فاني عبدك وفي قبضتك لا اوقي الا ما وقيت ولا اخذ الا ما اعطيت وقدذكرت الحج فاساْ لك ان تعزم لي عليه على كتابك وسنة نبيك صلى الله عليه واله وتقويني على ماضعفت عنه وتسلم مني مناسكي في يسر منك وعافية واجعلني من وفدك الذي رضيت وارتضيت وسميت وكتبت. اللهم اني خرجت من شقة بعيدة وانفقت مالي ابتغاء مرضاتك

اللهم فتمم لي حجتي وعمرتي . اللهم اني اريد التمتع بالعمرة الى الحج على كتابك وسنة نبيك صلى الله عليه واله فان عرض لي عارض يحبسني فخلني حيث حبستني لقدرك الذي قدرت علي . اللهم ان لم تكن حجة فعمرة . احرم لك شعري وبشري ولحمي ودمي وعظامي ومخي وعصبي من النساء والثياب والطيب ابتغي بذالك وجهك والدار الا خرة

(O Allah! include me among those who have responded to Your call, have faith in Your promise and follow Your command, for I am Your slave and in Your control. I cannot be saved, except by You, and cannot take, except what You grant. You have reminded us to perform the Hajj. I beseech You that You make me firm regarding Your book and the practices of Your Prophet, may Allah grant peace and honor on him and his family. Grant me strength where I am weak and that I may perform what is incumbent on me with ease and health. Include me among those whose arrival pleases You, with whom You are pleased, whom You call by name and have recorded.

O Allah! I have traveled from afar and have spent my property to attain Your pleasure. O Allah! Let my Hajj and ´Umrah be accomplished. O Allah! In compliance with Your book and the practice of Your Prophet, may Allah grant peace and honor to him and his family, I wish to perform the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ in order to complete the Hajj. So if something should happen to me to hold me back, then let me stay wherever You have held me back to fulfill the destiny You have deigned for me.

O Allah! If I do not accomplish the Hajj, may at least succeed in the ´Umrah. I assume the state of ihrām for Your sake with my hair, my skin, my flesh, my blood, my bones, my brain and my nerves, abstaining from women, from clothes and from perfume, so that I may attain Your pleasure and a good end in the hereafter).

8. Setting the intention (niyyah) for ihrām while reciting the talbiyyah.

9. For men, it is recommended that they say the talbiyyah aloud.

10.Recite the talbiyyah as follows:

لبيك اللهم لبيك لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك ان الحمد والنعمة لك والملك لاشريك لك لبيك .لبيك ذا المعارج لبيك لبيك داعيا الى دار السلام لبيك لبيك غفار الذنوب لبيك لبيك اهل التلبية لبيك لبيك ذاالجلال والاكرام لبيك لبيك تبدئ والمعاد اليك لبيك لبيك تستغني ويفتقر اليك لبيك لبيك مرهوبا ومرغوبا اليك لبيك لبيك اله الحق لبيك لبيك ذا النعماء والفضل الحسن الجميل لبيك لبيك كشاف الكرب العظام لبيك لبيك عبدك وابن عبدك لبيك لبيك يا كريم لبيك

(Here I am O my Lord, (in response to Your call), here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise, grace and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner. Here I am (in response to Your call). Here I am (in response to Your call), O Owner of the Ways of Ascent, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Caller to the Home of Peace, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Forgiver of (every) Guilty (deed), here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Owner of the talbiyyah (response), here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Owner of Majesty and Bounty, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call),

O Thou Who first created and to Whom all will return, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), You need nothing and everybody is in need of You, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Thou Who is feared and Whose favor is wished for, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O True God, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call),

O Owner of Grace and Good, Beautiful Bounty, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Remover of Great Distress, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), Your Servant and the descendant of Your Servant, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), O Honorable One, here I am.)

Then say:

لبيك اتقرب اليك بمحمد وال محمد صلوات الله عليه وعليهم لبيك لبيك بحجة وعمرة معا لبيك لبيك هذه متعة عمرة الى الحج لبيك لبيك تمامها وبلاغها عليك لبيك

(Here I am (in response to Your call), seeking closeness to You through Muhammad and his progeny, may Allah's blessings be upon him and them, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), with Hajj and ´Umrah, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), this is the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ connected to the Hajj, here I am. Here I am (in response to Your call), its completion and its proclamation is upon You, here I am.)

11. It is preferable to repeat the talbiyyah constantly while one is in the state of ihrām: when waking from sleep, after every prayer, when entering a vehicle, riding, disembarking or dismounting, while climbing or descending, when meeting other riders or in the desert, and even in the condition of ğanābah or menstruation. It must not be stopped during the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ until the houses of Mecca appear and during the Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ till mid-day on the day of Arafat.