Types of Pilgrimage
#143: There are three types of pilgrimage: Tamattu´, Ifrād and Qirān. Tamattu´ is for those who live more than 88 km
(55 miles) away from Mecca, the other two types are for those who live within a radius of 88 km (55 miles) of Mecca or in the city itself.
#144: In the case of a person for whom Hağğu-l-Ifrād or Hağğu-l-Qirān is an obligation, the performance of Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ is invalid. Similarly, the performance of Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ is invalid in case of someone who has the obligation to perform Hağğu-l-Ifrād or Hağğu-l-Qirān.
However, as will be explained later, it is possible for someone who is obligated to perform Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ to change it into Hağğu-l-Ifrād. All this applies to the obligatory pilgrimages.
With regard to the optional pilgrimage and one that has become an obligation due to a vow (in which the type of Hajj was not further defined) or because of a will etc. there is the choice between all types of Hajj, even though it is better to perform Hağğu-t-Tamattu´.
#145: If a person lives far from Mecca and then takes up residence in Mecca, their obligation changes to Ifrād or Qirān-Hajj at the beginning of the third year of their stay. Prior to that, they have the obligation to perform Hağğu-t-Tamattu´. There is no difference whether they got in the position and obtained the required means before or after arriving in Mecca. There is also no difference whether or not they intend to stay in Mecca forever. The same rules apply to those who live within a radius of Mecca not greater than 88 km (55 miles).
#146: If a person has their residence in Mecca and their obligatory Hajj is still Hağğu-t-Tamattu´ (see #145), i.e. before Hağğu-l-Ifrād or Hağğu-l-Qirān becomes their obligation, as a precautionary measure (al-ahwaṯ), they ought to assume the state of ihrām for the ´Umratu-t-Tamattu´ at the mīqāt.
Furthermore, as a precautionary measure (al-ahwaṯ), the mīqāt should be chosen according to their country of origin.