Forbidden Acts During Ihram
Covering the Head
Q. If covering the head was recurrent in each ihram,
should kaffarah (atonement or expiation) be repeated [for every incident]?
It is likely that one kaffarah for each ihram would do.
Q.1 If someone else cast a shade over you while you are walking,
is kaffarah obligatory?
If one cannot get out of the shade, there
shall be no kaffarah. If you were able to get out, and you did not, even for
forestalling a harm, kaffarah is obligatory.
Q.2 On the assumption
that the pilgrim got under the shade of an umbrella [used by others] through no
choice of his, is it permissible or not?
It is permissible, unless
there are reasons, as in the case discussed in the preceding question, that may
require the opposite.