Current Legal Issues

Rules of Tawaf and its Prayer

Q.1 If one was in doubt as to whether or not he has performed tawafun nisa (Lit., womens circumambulation), hajj or umrah mufradah, after his return from Mekka, after his return from Mekka, what should he do?

He should return and perform tawafun nisa by himself. If this was not possible or proved difficult, he should deputise someone else to perform it for him. [Approaching] women would not be halal, unless he carried it out either by himself or by proxy. Allah is All Knowing.

Q.2 Someone did not fulfil the conditions of carrying out any one of the laps of [the seven circumambulations around the Kaba] by, say, setting his face in the direction of the Kaba either on purpose or as a result of having been pushed around by the multitudes. Is it necessary that he retakes it and those laps that follow it?

If the mistake was done by entering the Stone, it is obligatory that he repeats the whole lap. If it was done as suggested by the question , he should carry on and rectify the mistake immediately, if he still was on the spot [where the incident took place]. As he starts a new lap, he should repeat the whole lap where the mistake happened. However, it is not obligatory to repeat the following laps.

Q.3 A pilgrim got mixed up as to the number of laps he has done either in tawaf or say (seven laps of brisk walking between the mounts of Safa and Marwah - An obligatory part of hajj). Would that part of the lap where the doubt arose be sufficient [to be considered a complete one], or one should resume from wherever he remembered, or from the start of the lap?

There is no objection to continuing, albeit with the doubt lingering in the mind, if the doubt was removed after-wards.

Q.4 Would separating tawaf from its prayer to attend congregational prayer, which may last some half an hour, render tawaf batil?

Evidently, separating [tawaf and its prayer] by performing congregational prayer does not invalidate [tawaf]. There is no harm too in saying congregational prayer, even in between the laps of tawaf itself.

Q.5 A pilgrim realised, after taqseer (cutting ones hair, clipping ones moustache or beard, or cutting off nails) and ending the state of ihram that his tawaf was batil

If tawaf of umrah was rendered batil, this would not necessarily mean that one comes out from the state of ihram, albeit he has done taqseer. He should, therefor, take off all sewn clothes and abstain from all acts forbidden during ihram. Tawaf, its prayer say and taqseer should also be performed. There is, however, no need for renewing ihram from the miqat.

Q.6 Does separating tawaf from its prayer render hajj or umrah batil?

Non-separation is common place, though this should be the case as a matter of ihtyat luzumi. However, infringement thereof would not render hajj or umrah incorrect per se. If, however, the infringement was committed deliberately, there should be a renewing of tawaf and its prayer as a matter of ihtiyat. Should time elapse so much so that he could not do anything, his hajj is rendered batil as a matter of ihtiyat. Also, the infringement could occur due to ignorance, of the wilful kind, relying on a legal proof, or due to forgetfulness that caused him not to remember until after prayer. In such cases tawaf and its prayer are in order and no penalty shall be against him. The same ruling applies if he was forced to separate the two [for reasons beyond his control].