The pilgrimage (hajj)
The pilgrimage (hajj) is of three types: tamattu‘, ifrad, and qiran. The latter two pilgrimages are mandatory upon the people of Mecca and those whose houses are within the 88 kilometers perimeter of the boundary of Mecca.
However, the hajj at-tamattu‘ is mandatory upon those live beyond the 88 kilometers of the boundary of Mecca, and they also have to do the ‘umrah at-tamattu‘ before doing the hajj. It is this hajj at-tamattu‘ which is relevant to the majority of the Muslims and, therefore, my discussion is confined to it.