Rules of sacrifice
1. It is necessary for the pilgrim to do the sacrifice with the sincere intention by saying, for example, “I am making this sacrifice in fulfillment of hajj at-tamattu‘ for seeking pleasure of Almighty Allah.” Just the intention in one’s mind is sufficient; it is not necessary to say it verbally.
2. It is obligatory to make the sacrifice in Mina.
However, since these days it is not possible for all the pilgrims to do the sacrifice in Mina, then doing it in Wadi Muhassar is permissible. If it is not even possible to do it in Wadi Muhassar, then it can be done in any part of the holy territory of Mecca, including the slaughter-house of Wadi Mu‘aysam.
Be aware that some of the slaughter-houses are outside the limit of the holy territory of Mecca and doing the sacrifice in those places would not be sufficient.
In any case, if doing the sacrifice in Wadi Muhassar is not possible, then it is preferable and more precautionary to do it in Mecca itself.
3. It is a better precaution to do the sacrifice on the day of ‘Idd even though it is permissible to delay it till the daytime of 11th of Dhul Hijja rather till end of last day of tashriq.
4. The sacrificial animal must be a camel or a cow or a sheep with certain characteristics which are explained in the detailed manual of hajj. One should know that the characteristics mentioned for the sacrificial animal do not apply to the animal sacrificed as a penalty for violation of rules of hajj.
5. The pilgrim is allowed to appoint someone else as an agent to do the sacrifice on his behalf even if he is capable of doing it by himself. This applies to both kinds of sacrifice: for hajj as well as for penalty for violation of hajj rules. It is necessary that the agent be a Muslim and he should also do the niyyat.
6. If a group of pilgrims appoint one person to buy the sacrificial animals for them and to sacrifice on their behalf, then he has to keep in mind each individual’s name and assign it to a particular sacrifice – saying that “this group of animals is sacrificed on behalf of this group of pilgrims” will not be sufficient.
7. The pilgrim is allowed to keep one-third of the sacrificial meat for himself and give away another one-third to the Muslims of his choice even though it is not obligatory to do that in case of these two-thirds. As for the third of the thirds, it is obligatory precaution to give it away in charity to the poor Muslims. However, if giving it away in charity is not possible or very inconvenient, then he is released from that obligation.
8. It is permissible to take the meat of the sacrificial animals out of Mina since there are no poor and needy people in Mina. It is also known that there are many needy people in various areas of the Kingdom and beyond it. Therefore, the organizers of the hajj caravans should diligently find those who transport the meat and distribute it to among the needy – especially among those who bring caravans from within the Kingdom since they are aware of the needs of their areas and are better equipped to distribute them.