Liaison office of Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Al Sistani (L.M.H.L) in London, Europe, North and South America.
You may suffer from the difficulties of performing the Qadha prayers specially when you have a huge number of prayers, which might due to some mistakes in your previous prayers such purity “Taharat” .. etc, or for other reason. Therefore we will try to demonstrate an easy way to perform the prayer so you can perform all your prayer in very easy and short time too inshaallah.
Usually when you learn the method of the prayer from our parents, relatives or others, we do not realize the obligatory and the recommended things in the prayer. And you think this is the ideal method of the prayer which makes it valid. Hence sometimes you feel lazy to perform your qadha and delay it to the next day and so on until you find that you have a big number of prayers that you should perform. Now we will show you the simplest method of the prayer without and recommendations “Mustahabat”
The normal prayer with some Mustahabat is:
4- Takbiratul Ehram
5- Qiraat + Mustahabat + Qunut
6- Tasbeeh + Mustahabat (In the third and fourth Rak'ats)
7- Ruku + Mustahabat
8- Sujood + Mustahabat
9- Tashahhud + Mustahabat
10- Salaam + Mustahabat
While The simple prayer without Mustahabat is:
2- Takbiratul Ehram “Allahu Akbar” once
3- Qiraat “sorat Al-Fatiha + short Sura such as Al-Kawthar”
4- Qunut “Subhanallah” is sufficient
5- Tasbeeh (In the third and fourth Rak'ats) “Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha illal lahu wallahu Akbar” once is sufficient
6- Ruku “Subhana Rabbiyal Adhimi wa bi hamdih” once or “Subhanallah” three times
7- Sujood “Subhana Rabbiyal 'A'la wa bi hamdhi” once or “Subahanallah” three times
8- Tashahhud “Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa Rasuluh, Alla humma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad”
9- Salaam “Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh” is sufficient
Reciting Takbir before going to Sajdah and after having stood up from Ruku ..etc is recommended and not obligatory. Therefore if you perform the prayer in that way then it is sufficient
How to perform your Qadha prayers
You can perform your qadhaa prayer whenever and wherever you like provided the following:
1- It is not necessary to maintain sequential order in the offering of qadha, except in the case of prayers for which order has been prescribed, like, Zuhr and Asr prayers or Maghrib and Isha prayers of the same day. However, it is better to maintain order in other qadha prayers also.
2- If a person suspects that he might have qadha on him, or that the prayers offered by him were not valid, it is not obligatory to perform it
3- If a person knows that he has not offered a prayer consisting of four Rak'ats, but does not know whether it is Zuhr or Isha, it will be sufficient to offer a four Rak'at prayer with the niyyat of offering qadha prayer for the prayer not offered. And as far as reciting loudly or silently, he will have an option.
4- If a person has a number of Fajr or Zuhr prayers qadha on him, and he does not know their exact number, or has forgotten, for example, if he does not know whether they were three, four or five prayers, it will be sufficient if he offers the smaller number.
5- Also we advice to perform a number of qadha prayer after the daily obligatory prayer every day, such as performing ten qadha of Fajir prayer every day so the result is complete one year of qadha of Fajir prayer in just 36 days only. Or for example, if you have one year of Fajr prayer the you can perform ten qadha prayers after Fajir, Zuhr and Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers everyday so the result is complete one year of qadha of Fajir prayer in just ten days only.
And there are other cases that you may find its details in the code of practice.
May Allah (s.w) accept all you Aamaal.