Liaison office of Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Ali Al Sistani (L.M.H.L) in London, Europe, North and South America.
How to perform ablution
Wash palm and gargle: It is preferable to wash hands and gargle three times
Sniffing: It is preferable to sniff; breathe water into the nose three times
Resolution (Intention) to perform ablution; wash the face: After the resolution begin to wash the face starting from the forehead to the chin, vertically, and between the thumb and the tall finger, horizontally
Wash the right hand: Start from above the elbow by a little "downwards" till the end of the fingers, wetting the whole hand
Wash the left hand: Start from above the elbow also, till the end of the fingers, downwards so that whole hand gets wet
Cajole (Rub) the head: Cajole with the already wet right hand the head
Cajole (Rub) the feet: Cajole with the already wet right hand the, also the right foot beginning from the tips of toes of the ankle. And cajole with the already wet left hand the, also the left foot beginning from the tips of toes of the ankle.
Things which invalidate ablution
Wudhu becomes void on account of the following seven things:
Passing of urine
Passing wind from the rear
A sleep, deep enough to restrict sight and hearing. However, if the eyes do not see anything, but the ears can hear, Wudhu does not become void
Things on account of which a person loses his sensibility, like insanity, intoxication or unconsciousness
Istihaza – which will be dealt with later
Janabat, and, as a recommended precaution, every state which requires Ghusl.